Ulf Rognvaldsson, b. ca. 1043

Father: Ragnvald II Brusason, b. ca. 1021 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. December 1046 in Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland, cause of death was murder, buried aft. December 1046 in Papa, Westroy, Orkney Islands, Scotland
Mother: Countess Arlogia (Ardogia) of Russia, b. ca. 1025 in Russia

Ragnvald II Brusason, b. ca. 1021 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Felicia of Normandy, ca. 1046, d. December 1046 in Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland, cause of death was murder, buried aft. December 1046 in Papa, Westroy, Orkney Islands, Scotland

Father: Brusi Sigurdsson, b. ca. 1001 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 1031 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
Mother: Ostrida Regenwaldsdatter, b. ca. 990 in Gothland, Sweden

Spouse: Countess Arlogia (Ardogia) of Russia, b. ca. 1025 in Russia

Married ca. 1040 in Russia.

Children:

  1. Eyliff Rognaldsson, b. ca. 1042
  2. Ulf Rognvaldsson, b. ca. 1043

Brusi Sigurdsson, b. ca. 1021 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. December 1046 in Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland, cause of death was murder, buried aft. December 1046 in Papa, Westroy, Orkney Islands, Scotland
Father: Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 985 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. 23 April 1014 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland

Spouse: Ostrida Regenwaldsdatter, b. ca. 990 in Gothland, Sweden

Married ca. 1020 in Orkney Isles, Scotland.

Children:

  1. Ragnvald II Brusason, b. ca. 1021 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Countess Arlogia (Ardogia) of Russia, ca. 1040 in Russia, m. Felicia of Normandy, ca. 1046, d. December 1046 in Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland
  2. Ingreda Brusisdatter, b. ca. 1023 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
  3. Margarita Brusisdatter, b. ca. 1025 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
  4. Olaf Brusason, b. ca. 1027 in Orkney Isles, Scotland

Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 985 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. 23 April 1014 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland

Father: Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 966 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 992
Mother: Audna (Eithne) Kjarvalssdatter, b. ca. 928 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
Earl Einar of Orkney killed Halfdan Haleg, son of King Harald I Harfager of Norway. As punishment Earl Einar and the people of Orkney were ordered to pay a fine of sixty marks of gold to King Harald. The bondis (land owners) claimed they didn't have enough, so Earl Einar payed the entire amount in exchange for their udal (ancestral) lands. Many years later Earl Sigurd restored these udal rights in return for the bond's help in fighting Earl Finnleik at the battle of Svoldur.

Sigurd was forced to allow himself to be Baptised by King Olaf Tryggvasson of Norway. King Olaf took Sigurd's son, Hvelp, who died only a few years later. Sigurd always resented King Olaf for this death.

His mother, Eithne, was a sorceress and gave Sigurd a banner with the figure of a flying raven just before he went into battle against Earl Finnleik. She said whoever holds the banner will be killed, but Sigurd would live. Fourteen years later at the battle of Clontarf in Ireland, no one would carry the banner, so Sigurd stuck it in his shirt and was immediately killed by a spear.

Children:

  1. Hvelp (Hundi)
  2. Agatha Christian, b. ca. 962, m. Malcolm II, King of Scotland, ca. 983
  3. Sumarlidi Sigurdsson, b. ca. 1000 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
  4. Brusi Sigurdsson, b. ca. 1001 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Ostrida Regenwaldsdatter, ca. 1020 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 1031 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
  5. Einar II "Wrymouth (Rangmund)" Sigurdsson, b. ca. 1003 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 14 October 1020 in Sandwick, Hrossey, Orkney Islands, Scotland

Spouse: Anleta Thora Donada

Father: Malcolm II, King of Scotland, b. ca. 958, d. 25 November 1034 in Glamus Castle, Angus, Angushire, Scotland
Mother: Agatha Christian, b. ca. 962
It is possible that Agatha Christian is not Anleta's mother. If she is, that would make Anleta the grand-daughter of her husband, Sigurd.
Married ca. 1008.

Children:

  1. Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney, b. 1009, m. Ingibjorg "the Earl's Mother" Finnsdatter

Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 966 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 992

Father: Thorfinn I "Hausakljufer" Einarsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 890 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 977
Mother: Grelod Duncansdatter, b. ca. 894 in Caithness, Scotland

Spouse: Audna (Eithne) Kjarvalssdatter, b. ca. 928 in Orkney Isles, Scotland

Father: Cearbhall (Kjarval) MacDunghal
Married ca. 984 in Orkney Isles, Scotland.

Children:

  1. Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 985 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Anleta Thora Donada, ca. 1008, d. 23 April 1014 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland
  2. Hvarflad (Svanlaug) Hlodversdatter, b. ca. 987 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
  3. Gerleotta Hlodversdatter, b. ca. 989 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
  4. Nereida Hlodversdatter, b. ca. 991 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Gilli, Earl of Coll

Thorfinn I "Hausakljufer" Einarsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 890 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 977

Father: Einar "Turf (Torfeinar)" Rognvaldsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 852 in Raumsdal, Telemark, Norway, d. ca. 910 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
Thorfinn's nickname, Hausakljufer (or Hausakliffer or Hausakliff) means "the splitter of skulls" or "skull-splitter." Skullsplitter beer from the Orkney Islands is named after him. He and Grelod also had two unnamed daughters.

Arnfinn's wife, Ragnhild Eiriksdatter, had him killed, then married Havard. Ragnhild later convinced Havard's nephew, Einar Buttered-Bread, to kill Havard in return for her hand in marriage. This made Einar very unpopular, so Ragnhild would have nothing to do with him. She sent for another of Havard's nephews, Einar Hard-Mouth, whom she talked into killing Einar Buttered-Bread. She abandoned Einar Hard-Mouth and married Havard's brother, Ljot. Einar tried to take the islands by force, but the people preferred the sons of Thorfinn Skull-Splitter. Earl Ljot later had Einar put to death. Skuli was killed in battle trying to take Orkney from Ljot. Ljot died from a wound he got in a battle (which he won) with Earl (later King) Macbeth of Scotland, who had supported Skuli and was embarrassed by the defeat.

Spouse: Grelod Duncansdatter, b. ca. 894 in Caithness, Scotland

Father: Earl Duncan of Caithness, b. ca. 871 in Caithness, Scotland
Mother: Groa Thorsteinsdatter, b. ca. 877 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland
Married ca. 914 in Orkney Isles, Scotland.

Children:

  1. Arnfinn Thorfinnsson, b. ca. 916 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. in Myrkhol, Caithness, Scotland, m. Ragnhild Eiriksdatter
  2. Havard "the Fecund (Season-Prosperous)" Thorfinnsson, b. ca. 918 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. in Havardsteigar, Stennis, Orkney Islands, Scotland, m. Ragnhild Eiriksdatter
  3. Ljot (Liot) Thorfinnsson, b. ca. 920 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. in Skidamyre, Caithness, Scotland, m. Ragnhild Eiriksdatter
  4. Skuli Thorfinnsson, b. ca. 922 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. 980 in Skidamyre, Caithness, Scotland
  5. Ansfred Thorfinnsson, b. ca. 932 in Orkney Isles, Scotland
  6. Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 966 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Audna (Eithne) Kjarvalssdatter, ca. 984 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 992

Einar "Turf (Torfeinar)" Rognvaldsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 852 in Raumsdal, Telemark, Norway, d. ca. 910 in Orkney Isles, Scotland

Father: Ragnvald "The Wise" Eysteinsson, Earl of Raumsdal and More, b. ca. 820 in Maer, Nord Trondelag, Norway, d. ca. 889 in More, Scotland
Mother: Groa ?
After the death of his uncle, Earl Sigurd, Vikings were in possession of the Orkney Islands. At first Einar's father, Ragnvald, Earl of Raumsdal and More, sent his son, Hallad, to reclaim Orkney. Earl Hallad soon grew tired of fighting the Vikings so he resigned his earldom and returned to Norway. This made him a laughing-stock. When Earl Ragnvald heard of this, he was ill pleased and said his sons were very unlike their ancestors. Einar said "I have enjoyed little honor among you and have little affection here to lose. Now if you will give me force enough, I will go west to the islands and promise you what at any rate will please you; that you shall never see me again."

Ragnvald replied that he would be glad if Einar never came back "for there is little hope" he said, " that you will ever be an honor to your friends as all your kin on your mother's side are born slaves."

Einar was called "Torfeinar" because he cut peat for fuel since there are no woods on Orkney. He was Earl over the Islands and was a mighty man. He was ugly and blind in one eye, yet very sharp sighted in spite of it. Despite his resentment for his father, Einar was the only one of Rognvald's sons who avenged his death. Einar killed Halfdan Haleg, son of Harald Harfager, when Halfdan fled to Orkney after burning Rognvald in his house. Einar composed a song mocking his siblings for not seeking revenge.

Children:

  1. Arnkell Einarsson, b. ca. 886 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. 954 in Northumberland, England
  2. Erlend I Einarsson, b. ca. 888 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. 954 in Northumberland, England
  3. Thorfinn I "Hausakljufer" Einarsson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 890 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Grelod Duncansdatter, ca. 914 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. ca. 977

Cearbhall (Kjarval) MacDunghal

Children:

  1. Audna (Eithne) Kjarvalssdatter, b. ca. 928 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney, ca. 984 in Orkney Isles, Scotland

Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney, b. 1009, d. ca. 1065
Father: Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson, Earl of Orkney, b. ca. 985 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, d. 23 April 1014 in Clontarf, Ireland, cause of death was impaling by a spear.
Mother: Anleta Thora Donada
He was also known as "the Mighty". In 1014 he was made Earl of Caithness and Sutherland by his grandfather, King Malcolm II of Scotland.

Spouse: Ingibjorg "the Earl's Mother" Finnsdatter, b. ca. 1015 in Osteraat, Yrje, Norway, m. Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland, ca. 1058 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland, d. bef. 1069 in Scotland

Father: Finn Arnasson, d. ca. 1065
Mother: Bergljot Halfdansdottir
Married bef. 1038.

Children:

  1. Paul Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney and Caithness, b. ca. 1040 in Orkney Isles, Scotland, m. Ragnhild Haakonsdatter, d. 1103 in Bergen, Hordaland, Norway
  2. Erland Thorfinnsson, b. ca. 1042 in Orkney Isles, Scotland

Finn Arnasson, d. ca. 1065

Father: Arne Arnmodsson
Mother: Tora Torsteinsdatter
Spouse: Bergljot Halfdansdottir
Father: Halfdan Sigurdsson
Married

Children:

  1. Ingibjorg "the Earl's Mother" Finnsdatter, b. ca. 1015 in Osteraat, Yrje, Norway, m. Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney, bef. 1038, m. Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland, ca. 1058 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland, d. bef. 1069 in Scotland
  2. Sigrid Finnsdatter, m. Orm Eilivsson

Arne Arnmodsson

Arne and Tora had seven sons and a daughter. We only have the names of a few sons.
Spouse: Tora Torsteinsdatter
Father: Thorstein Gallows
Married

Children:

  1. Finn Arnasson, m. Bergljot Halfdansdottir, d. ca. 1065
  2. Kalv Arnesson, b. ca. 990, m. Sigrid Toresdatter, d. 1051
  3. Torberg Arneson, m. Ragnhild Erlingsdottir
  4. Arni Arnesson

Halfdan Sigurdsson

Many genealogies claim that Halfdan was the great-grandson of Harald Fairhair through his son Sigurd Hrise, but that connection is now considered inaccurate.

Children:

  1. Sigurd Syr, m. Åsta Gudbrandsdatter, aft. 995, d. ca. 1018
  2. Bergljot Halfdansdottir, m. Finn Arnasson